Simulated Committees

At Lagos Model United Nations 2018, delegates will take part in a simulation of the meticulously chosen United Nations committees and bodies as well as the African Union to gain deeper understanding international relations and politics.

The strategic spread and selection of committees for the Lagos Model United Nations Conference 2018 will address pressing global issues, with specific interest in African problems and the recommendation of solutions towards eliminating them. Lagos Model United Nations 2018 will be simulating 7 committees/bodies within the United Nations and 2 committees of the African Union. LMUN 2018 provides you with a diverse range of committees within the United Nations body and also the African Union, in other to give delegates a proper grasp of the workings of the United Nations Body and to address specific African needs. The committees to be simulated are:

The General Assembly 1 - 
Disarmament and International Security


The First Committee deals with disarmament, global challenges and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.

Topic:
I. The Race: Innovation and Cyber Warfare.
II. Biological Weapons in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The General Assembly 3 - 
Social, Humanitarian & Cultural Issues


The General Assembly allocates to the Third Committee, agenda items relating to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. The Committee also discusses questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The Committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice, and international drug control.

Topic:
I. Ensuring the Integration and Participation of Persons with Disabilities in Society.
II. The Right of Immigrants in Light of Modern Day Slavery and Human Trafficking.

Security Council


Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

Topic:
I. The Situation in Libya: combating Slavery, Human Trafficking and unmanaged Migration.
II. The Proliferation and Potential Application of Nuclear and Biological Weapons in the 21st Century, the Imminent Threat of a Third World War.

UN Women, Commission on the Status of Women(CSW)


The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) is the principal global intergovernmental body exclusively dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. A functional commission of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), it was established by Council resolution 11(II) of 21 June 1946. The CSW is instrumental in promoting women’s rights, documenting the reality of women’s lives throughout the world, and shaping global standards on gender equality and the empowerment of women. In 1996, ECOSOC in resolution 1996/6 expanded the Commission’s mandate and decided that it should take a leading role in monitoring and reviewing progress and problems in the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, and in mainstreaming a gender perspective in UN activities. Following the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in 2015, the Commission now also contributes to the follow-up to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development so as to accelerate the realization of gender equality and the empowerment of women (ECOSOC resolution 2015/6).

Topic:
I. Elimination and Prevention of All Forms of Violence, Exploitation and Abuse against Women and Violence.
II. Fostering the Impact and Role of Women in ICT and Technological Innovations.

Peace and Security Council of The African Union


The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is the standing organ of the AU for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts. It is a key element of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), which is the umbrella term for the main AU mechanisms for promoting peace, security and stability in Africa. The PSC was established to be a collective security and ‘early warning’ arrangement with the ability to facilitate timely and efficient responses to conflict and crisis situations. The PSC’s core functions are to conduct early warning and preventive diplomacy, facilitate peace-making, establish peace-support operations and, in certain circumstances, recommend intervention in Member States to promote peace, security and stability. The PSC also works in support of peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction as well as humanitarian action and disaster management.

Topic:
I. Harmonised Continental Efforts Towards Political Stability and the Prevention of Violence.
II. Reconciliation and Maintenance of Security in Nations Suffering the effects of War.

United Nations Children's Fund


The funds programme is headquartered in New York City and provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing nations. It is on of the members of the United Nations Development Group and its executive committee. UNICEF relies on contribution from governments and private donors. Governments are mandated to donate two thirds of the organisations resources. UNiCEF’sprograms emphasize developing community level services to promote the health and wellbeing of children. With over a 100 ambassadors, and a Nobel Peace Prize, the fund is one of the organs of the United Nations that has been regarded by the global community as an organisation with a heart.

Topic:
I. Child Development and Protection: TheIIIpact of Global Crisis on the Development and education of a Child.
II. Promoting a Child Friendly Environment: Combating Child Offenders and Negative Influence.

United Nations Environment Assembly


The UN Environment Assembly has the universal membership of all 193 UN Member States and the full involvement of UN organizations, specialized agencies, inter-governmental organizations, civil society and the private sector. In bringing together these varied communities, the Assembly provides a groundbreaking platform for leadership on global environmental policy.

Topic:
I. The Need for Global Partnership in the Implementation of the Paris Agreement.
II. The Role of Multi-National Corporations in Making Green Investments for the Promotion of Sustainable Environment.

The Executive Council of the African Union


The African Union is an intergovernmental organization inspired by Pan African movement which started as far back as 800 BC to unite and integrate Africa and it currently has 54 member state parties. The Au was preceded by the Organization of African unity of 1963 which consisted of the then thirty two independent states in Africa. The Challenges that the organization encountered foresaw the meeting of the Heads of States in 1999 which ultimately led to the Sitre Declaration of that same year, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The principal document of the new organization which came about as a result of the Lome Summit of 2002 is the Constitutive Act of the African Union. This Act sets out the member states, functions, organs and powers of the African Union. It has a total of seven organs with the Assembly being the Principal Organ. The objectives of the African Union are centered around Regional integration, peace and security, protection of human rights, respect for democracy and rule of law and territorial integrity of its member states. The Vision of the African Union is for an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena. Recently it adopted the Agenda 63 which is a strategic framework for the socio-economic transformation of the continent over the next 50 years. Its builds on, and seeks to accelerate the implementation of past and existing continental initiatives for growth and sustainable development. It has also adopted the AU Commission Strategic Plan 2014-2017 which constitutes the framework that outlines the overall priorities of the Commission for the four year period, and provides guidance for program formulation and prioritization.

Topic:
I. Mass Emigration and Human Trafficking as Hindrances to Sustainable Development.
II. Youth Empowerment through Poverty Eradication Schemes.

Economic, Social and Cultural Council of the African Union


The Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) was established in 2004 as an advisory organ to the AU composed of civil society organisations (CSOs). The principle of ECOSOCC is for civil society to organise itself to work in partnership with the AU. ECOSOCC’s mandate includes: Contributing, through advice, to the effective translation of the AU’s objectives, principles and policies into concrete programmes, as well as evaluating those programmes, undertaking studies and making recommendations, contributing to the promotion and realisation of the AU’s vision and objectives contributing to the promotion of human rights, the rule of law, good governance, democratic principles, gender equality and child rights, promoting and supporting the efforts of institutions engaged in reviewing the future of Africa and forging pan-African values in order to enhance an African social model and way of life, fostering and consolidating partnership between the AU and CSOs, assuming functions referred to it by other AU organs.

Topic:
I. Civil Society Participation Amongst Youths as a Viable Means of enhancing Democracy in Africa.
II. Exploration of African Culture and Resources for Sustainable Development.